Geranium, Annual Plant Features
American gardeners have had a love affair with geraniums for decades. These colorful annuals are a cinch to grow and look just as good in the border as they do in pots, planters, and window boxes. But, geraniums have a big secret. They aren't really geraniums after all, but members of the pelargonium family. True geraniums are actually perennial in nature and are sometimes called cranesbill.
Nomenclature aside, the plants we know and love as geraniums are truly wonderful plants that come in a variety of forms including: zonals, ivies, and interspecifics. All are available in a host of colors and bi-colors. Besides their flowers, zonal geraniums are prized for their pretty patterned foliage and upright form. Ivies make great basket plants because their trailing foliage and gorgeous blooms look terrific tumbling over the edge. And don't forget interspecific varieties. This relatively new type of geranium is a cross between zonal and ivy geraniums bearing the best qualities of both parents and never seem to go out of bloom. Geranium flowers are also highly prized by butterflies and hummingbirds. The plants are relatively deer resistant.
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Geranium, Annual Growing Instructions
Geraniums are sun worshippers so plant them where they will receive at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sun a day. Relatively drought resistant, geraniums still prefer a drink whenever the soil dries out. But, don't over water or the plants will rot at the base. Remove the faded flowers as they appear to keep the plant tidy and to encourage more bloom. If you are growing geraniums in pots, plant them in a commercial potting soil mix.
Get more tips for shopping for and buying beautiful geraniums.
Geranium is not recommended for human or animal consumption.
Orange, Pink, Red, Variegated, White, Yellow
Super-easy to grow
Complement your Geranium, Annual with these varieties:
Angelonia makes a truly wonderful partner for Geranium in window boxes and planters.
Mix Calibrachoa in a pot of bright Geranium and let the sparks fly.
Dwarf Marigold and Geranium are a classic combination.
Varieties: Our Favorites
Pelargonium 'Big EZEE Pink'
Big EZEE Pink shows off good heat tolerance and big pink flower heads. A vigorous variety, it grows 24 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Big EZEE Red'
Big EZEE Red stands out because of its larger-than-average flowers and heat tolerance. It grows about 24 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium ‘Calliope Dark Red’
‘Calliope Dark Red’ geranium is a showstopper that offers disease-resistant foliage and a nonstop supply of deep red flowers. ‘Calliope Dark Red’ geranium grows 12 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Calliope Hot Pink'
'Calliope Hot Pink' geranium has large, long-lasting hot-pink flower clusters over a mound of dark green foliage. It grows 12 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Calliope Medium Dark Red'
Calliope Medium Dark Red geranium offers is a resilient variety that stays tidy and compact. It grows 12 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Calliope Medium Dark Rose'
Able to keep blooming well, even if you don't remove its faded flowers, Calliope Medium Dark Rose stays compact,m making it perfect for container gardens.
Pelargonium 'Calliope Medium Red'
Calliope Medium Red stays more compact than many of its other cousins, and blooms profusely with rich red flowers.
Pelargonium 'Candy White Parfait'
Candy White Parfait geranium offers white flowers that have attractive pink blotches. This zonal variety grows 24 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Dixieland Deep Red'
Dixieland Deep Red is an interspecific geranium with extra-large flowers and dark green foliage. It grows 24 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Fantasia White'
Fantasia White is a cute geranium that bears heads of pure white semi-double flowers over dark green foliage. It grows 14 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Great Balls of Fire Burgundy'
Great Balls of Fire Burgundy is an interspecific geranium that shows its ivy-type parentage. It has clusters of dark purple-red flowers and dark green foliage. It grows 12 inches tall and 24 inches wide.
Pelargonium 'Great Balls of Fire Deep Rose'
Great Balls of Fire Deep Rose is an interspecific geranium that's excellent for window boxes, hanging baskets, and other containers. It shows off clusters of dark rich pink flowers and dark green foliage. It grows 12 inches tall and spreads 24 inches wide.
Pelargonium 'Great Balls of Fire White'
Great Balls of Fire White is an interspecific geranium offers white flowers lightly flushed with soft pink. It shows off clusters of dark rich pink flowers and dark green foliage. It gets 12 inches tall and 24 inches wide.
Pelargonium 'Ice Queen'
While most annual geraniums are grown for their colorful flowers, Ice Queen (also sold as Mint Julep) is loved for its leaves, which are broadly banded in bright white. It grows 16 inches tall and wide. Ice Queen geranium was a top performer in our Trial Garden.
Pelargonium 'Maverick Violet'
Maverick Violet geranium bears big heads of violet-pink flowers nontop throughout the summer. It's charming in landscape beds, garden borders, and containers. Maverick Violet grows 18 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Mrs. Pollock'
A geranium grown for its foliage, Mrs. Pollock is elegantly variegated with cream, pink, and burgundy. Mrs. Pollock also produces heads of red flowers.
Pelargonium 'Patriot Bright Violet'
Patriot Bright Violet geranium is a zonal type that shows off vivid purple-red flowers over rich green foliage. It reaches 24 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Pinto Premium Rose Bicolor'
Pinto Premium Rose Bicolor offers many clusters of small pink-and-white flowers on compact plants that grow about 14 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Presto Dark Salmon'
Presto Dark Salmon has lush, dark green leaves that accent the big, gorgeous heads of salmon-red flowers. It grows 10 inches tall and 12 inches wide.
Pelargonium 'Presto Pink'
Presto Pink zonal geranium shows off dark green leaves and extra-large flowerheads of soft pink blooms. It grows 10 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Presto Pink Sizzle'
An easy-to-grow annual geranium, Presto Pink Sizzle offers soft pink flowers accented with hot-pink markings. It grows 10 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Survivor Baby Face'
Survivor Baby Face zonal geranium bears clusters of soft pink flowers over rich, dark green foliage. It grows 16 inches tall and wide.
Pelargonium 'Survivor Pink Passion'
Survivor Pink Passion geranium is an easy-care zonal variety that shows off big clusters of bold pink flowers over a mound of dark green foliage. It grows 16 inches tall and wide.