Costa Farms


Passionate about plants? So are we! Costa Farms is a wholesale grower that discovers, develops, and grows plants for your home and life -- indoors and out. We’re your online gardening resource for plant info and inspiration. Our articles, blogs, tips, and photos help you use plants to beautify your living spaces and enhance your life.

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Bonsai Plant Features

Few plants are as stylish and sophisticated as bonsai. These tiny trees are perfect dramatic decor for indoor spaces, especially desks, offices, and bedrooms. They practically radiate Zen! The most thing to know about bonsai is that it's not a type of plant, but instead, a way of treating a plant. That's important fact because when it comes for caring for your bonsai, you have to give your bonsai the kind of light, water, temperature, etc. that plant type needs. 

Just about any tree or shrub can be grown as a bonsai; the best houseplants tend to be tropical species that don't need to go dormant in the winter. Trees and shrubs from temperate climates -- such as azaleas or Japanese maples -- typically need some cold temperatures to rest for winter. Inside a home where it's mild all the time, these plants can sulk. 

Bonsai Questions?
If there's something more you need to know about bonsai, we're happy to help. Just send us an email!

Bonsai Growing Instructions

Most trees and shrubs grown as bonsai prefer a bright spot indoors. Tropical species make for the best bonsai houseplants. Many ficus, in particular, thrive as bonsai. 

Water most varieties of bonsai once the potting mix starts to dry. It's important not to overwater bonsai; too much water can make the roots drown and die. Fertilize once or twice during the spring and summer months with a general-purpose fertilize made for use on indoor plants. 

Bonsai does require yearly pruning to keep it in shape and from outgrowing its container. When shaping your bonsai, don't forget to remove the plant from its pot and prune the roots as well as the shoots, to keep it from becoming rootbound. 

Note: Bonsai is not intended for human or animal consumption. 

  • Light

    Indoors: High light
    Indoors: Low light

  • Colors


  • Water

    Medium water needs

  • Special Features

    Purifies the air

Complement your Bonsai with these varieties:
Succulents are beautiful accents to bonsai; both have a pleasing sense of Zen.

Keep with a simplistic theme and grow varieties of moss with your bonsai.

Varieties: Our Favorites

Formosana Formosana

Ficus formosana

Formosana bonsai does best in a medium to bright spot and features dark green leaves. This tropical is an excellent bonsai houseplant.

Fukien Tea Fukien Tea

Carmona retusa

Fukien tea is a lovely tropical bonsai that makes a good indoor plant. It thrives in medium to high light and features tiny white flowers when happy.

Ginseng Ficus Ginseng Ficus

Ficus retusa

Ginseng ficus is an elegant bonsai with small, shiny, dark green leaves. It does well in low, medium, or bright spots.

Juniper Juniper

Juniperus spp.

One of the more challenging bonsai varieties, juniper likes bright, indirect light and mild temperatures.

Pachira Pachira

Pachira aquatica

Also called money tree, pachira bonsai offers hand-shaped leaves with a beautiful texture. Pachira is one of the easiest bonsai varieties to grow indoors.

Privet Privet

Ligustrum spp.

Privet bonsai have uniquely shaped dark green leaves that elegantly hug the plant's stems. It does best in medium light, but also grows in indirect, bright light -- as well as low light.